The Border Collie is a working dog breed that originates from the Scottish border region. They are used for herding sheep. They are specifically known for their intelligence, they are energetic, acrobatic and athletic, they frequently compete with great success in sheepdog trails and several dog sports.
They are often referred to as the most intelligent of all domestic dogs. Border Collies continue to be employed in their traditional work of herding livestock worldwide.
Old Hemp (September 1893 – May 1901) is considered to be the progenitor to the Border Collie breed. He was owned by Adam Telfer, and was used as a sheep herding dog. His style was different from that commonly seen during his era, as he worked far more quietly than the other sheepdogs of the time. This style was adopted and used by other breeders and trainers and became the most common style among Border Collies within a few generations, with his descendants becoming successful international sheepdog champions.
Source & Info : wikipedia
For more information on the Border Collie breed history click here (wikipedia).
For more information on Old Hemp click here (wikipedia).